SCRA Exam 2014
Special Class Railway Apprentice examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Advertisement and official notification will publish in rozgar samachar / employment news paper of October 5th 2013. Selection is done through written examination and selected candidates where appointed as special class apprentice in Mechanical Department of India Railway. Get more info. on sarkarinaukrinotification.com . Further examination details are mentioned below:
Criteria of Eligibility: Candidates must possess either second division or first division in intermediate / equivalent exam from government approved board/ university on India with Mathematics & at least one subject from physics and chemistry as subject of the examination.
Candidates those who possess graduation with mathematics & at least one subject physics and chemistry as degree subject may also apply.
Age Limit: Age should be in between 17 to 21 years as on date January 1st 2013.
Examination Pattern: Written test contain 600 marks. Qualified candidates called for personality test which is total of 200 marks.
Name of Subject
Duration of Exam
General Ability Test
Name of Subject
Atomic structure, Earlier models in brief, Orbital concept, Quantum numbers and their significance, Atom as at three dimensional model, only elementary treatment.
Pauli’s Exclusion Principle.
Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f. block elements.
Periodic classification only long form.
A) Periodicity and electronic configuration.
Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.
Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, co-valent, coordinate covalent bonds.
Shapes of simple molecules like water, Bond Properties, methane and ammonium chloride sigma and Pie bonds, hydrogen sulphide. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.
Energy changes in a chemical reaction.
Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions.
Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.
Chemical Equilibria and rates of reactions.
Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction.
Molecularity; First and Second order reaction.
Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.
Solutions: True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions.
Colligative properties of dillute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of dissolved substances.
Elevation of boiling points.
Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s law (non-thermodynamic treatment only).
Electro-Chemistry: Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibria, Solubility product.
Strong and weak electrolytes.
Acids and Bases (Lewis and Bronstead concept).
pH and Buffer solutions.
Oxidation - Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.
Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion.
Uses of Radioactive isotopes.
B.) Inorganic Chemistry
Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds :
Hydrogen: Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen.
Electronegative and electropositive character.
Use of water in industries, Water, hard and soft water, Heavy water and its uses.
Group I Elements: sodium carbonate, Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.
Group II Elements: Quick and slaked lime.
Gypsum, Plaster of Paris.
Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.
Group III Elements: Borax, Alumina and Alum.
Group IV Elements: Coals, Coke and solid Fuels, Silicates, Zolitis semi-conductors.
Glass (Elementary treatment).
Group V Elements. Manufacture of ammonia and nitric acid.
Rock Phosphates and safety matches.
Group VI Elements. Hydrogen peroxide, allotropy of sulphur, sulphuric acid.
Oxides of sulphur.
Group VII Elements. Manufacture and uses of Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine, Hydrochloric acid.
Group O. (Noble gases) Helium and its uses.
Metallurgical Processes: General Methods of extraction of metals with specific reference to zinc, copper, iron, aluminium, silver, gold and lead. Common alloys of these metals; Nickel and manganese steels.
C.) Organic Chemistry
Tetrahedral nature of carbon, Hybridisation and sigma pie bonds and their relative strength. Single and multiple bonds.
Shapes of molecules.
Geometrical and optical isomerism.
General methods of preparation, properties and reaction of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, Petroleum and its refining.
Aromatic hydrocarbons: Resonance and aromaticity. Benzene and Naphthalene and their analogues.
Halogen derivatives: Chloroform, Carbon Tetrachloride, Chlorobenzene, D.D.T. and Gammexane.
Hydroxy Compounds : Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.
Ethers; Diethyl ether.
Aldehydes and ketones : Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, acetophenone.
Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Anlline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.
Carboxylic acid : Formic, acetic, denezoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.
Esters : Ethylacerate, Methyl salicylates, ethylbenzoate.
Polymers : Polythene, Teflon, Perpex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and polyester fibers.
Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins - Vitamins and hormones.
Analytic Geometry (two dimensions)
Integral Calculus and Differential equations:
Vectors and its applications:
Statistics and probability
This paper is conducted to analyse indivisual understanding and command of the language.
Man and his environment, Preservation of food, Conservation of natural resources, History, Politics and Society India.
Screw gauge, Length measurements using vernier, spherometer and optical lever.
Measurement of time and mass.
Velocity and acceleration, Straight line motion and relationships among displacement.
Impulse, work, Newton's laws of motion, Momentum, energy and power.
Coefficient of friction.
Equilibrium of bodies under action of forces.
Moment of a force, couple.
Newton's law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity.
Centripetal force, Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, simple Harmonic motion.
Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth.
Principle of Archimedes.
Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure and its measurement.
Temperature and its measurement.
Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature.
Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement.
Specific heat of gases.
Mechanical equivalent of heat.
Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes.
Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity.
Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves.
Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors.
Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings).
Reflection and refraction of light.
Image formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes.
Defects of vision.
Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation.
Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth's magnetic field.
Dia, para and ferromagnetism.
Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb's law.
Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current.
Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer.
Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter or voltmeter.
Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of electrolysis.
Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction coil,
Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier.
Production, properties and uses of X-rays.
Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays.
Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.
Applying Process: Candidates should have to fill application form online through visiting official site of UPSC that is upsconline.nic.in . Before filling online application form read all detail at least once.
Application Fee Detail: Candidates have to pay Rs 100/- and SC/ST/PH and female candidates are exempted from fee.
Fee Payment Mode: Candidates have to pay fee through cash/ online banking (credit card/ debit card) in any branch of State Bank of India.
Notification release Date: October 5th 2013.
Closing date to Apply: November 4th 2013.
SCRA examination Date: January 12th 2014.
For more information Contact here at UPSC's facilitation counter near gate 'C' of its campus in person or through Phone Telephone No. 011-23385271/ 011-23381125/011-23098543 on working days between 10.00 hrs & 17.00.